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2019备考GMAT阅读模拟题分享11

2019-03-08 11:27:44来源:GMAT考试网分享
导读:我们都知道,GMAT考试是商学院经企管理研究生入学考试,所以对于语言的运用要求很高,那么阅读能力就成为了大家重点提升内容。赶紧先来看看这篇阅读模拟试题的分享吧!

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(This?passage?was?adapted?from?an?article?written?in?1992.)

Some?observers?have?attributed?the?dramatic?growth?in?temporary?employment?that?occurred?in?the?United?States?during?the?1980s?to?increased?participation?in?the?workforce?by?certain?groups,?such?as?first-time?or?reentering?workers,?who?supposedly?prefer?such?arrangements.?However,?statistical?analyses?reveal?that?demographic?changes?in?the?workforce?did?not?correlate?with?variations?in?the?total?number?of?temporary?workers.?Instead,?these?analyses?suggest?that?factors?affecting?employers?account?for?the?rise?in?temporary?employment.?One?factor?is?product?demand:?temporary?employment?is?favored?by?employers?who?are?adapting?to?fluctuating?demand?for?products?while?at?the?same?time?seeking?to?reduce?overall?labor?costs.?Another?factor?is?labor’s?reduced?bargaining?strength,?which?allows?employers?more?control?over?the?terms?of?employment.?Given?the?analyses,?which?reveal?that?growth?in?temporary?employment?now?far?exceeds?the?level?explainable?by?recent?workforce?entry?rates?of?groups?said?to?prefer?temporary?jobs,?firms?should?be?discouraged?from?creating?excessive?numbers?of?temporary?positions.?Government?policymakers?should?consider?mandating?benefit?coverage?for?temporary?employees,?promoting?pay?equity?between?temporary?and?permanent?workers,?assisting?labor?unions?in?organizing?temporary?workers,?and?encouraging?firms?to?assign?temporary?jobs?primarily?to?employees?who?explicitly?indicate?that?preference.

Questions?50–56?refer?to?the?passage?above.

50.?The?primary?purpose?of?the?passage?is?to?(主旨)

(A)?present?the?results?of?statistical?analyses?and?propose?further?studies

(B)?explain?a?recent?development?and?predict?its?eventual?consequences

(C)?identify?the?reasons?for?a?trend?and?recommend?measures?to?address?it

(D)?outline?several?theories?about?a?phenomenon?and?advocate?one?of?them

(E)?describe?the?potential?consequences?of?implementing?a?new?policy?and?argue?in?favor?of?that?policy

51.?According?to?the?passage,?which?of?the?following?is?true?of?the?―factors?affecting?employers‖?that?are?mentioned?in?lines?10–19??(细节)

(A)?Most?experts?cite?them?as?having?initiated?the?growth?in?temporary?employment?that?occurred?during?the?1980s.

(B)?They?may?account?for?the?increase?in?the?total?number?of?temporary?workers?during?the?1980s.

(C)?They?were?less?important?than?demographic?change?in?accounting?for?the?increase?of?temporary?employment?during?the?1980s.

(D)?They?included?a?sharp?increase?in?the?cost?of?labor?during?the?1980s.

(E)?They?are?more?difficult?to?account?for?than?are?other?factors?involved?in?the?growth?of?temporary?employment?during?the?1980s.

52.?The?passage?suggests?which?of?the?following?about?the?use?of?temporary?employment?by?firms?during?the?1980s??(推论)

(A)?It?enabled?firms?to?deal?with?fluctuating?product?demand?far?more?efficiently?than?they?did?before?the?1980s.

(B)?It?increased?as?a?result?of?increased?participation?in?the?workforce?by?certain?demographic?groups.

(C)?It?was?discouraged?by?government-mandated?policies.

(D)?It?was?a?response?to?preferences?indicated?by?certain?employees?for?more?flexible?working?arrangements.

(E)?It?increased?partly?as?a?result?of?workers??reduced?ability?to?control?the?terms?of?their?employment.

53.?The?passage?suggests?which?of?the?following?about?the?workers?who?took?temporary?jobs?during?the?1980s??(推论)

(A)?Their?jobs?frequently?led?to?permanent?positions?within?firms.

(B)?They?constituted?a?less?demographically?diverse?group?than?has?been?suggested.

(C)?They?were?occasionally?involved?in?actions?organized?by?labor?unions.

(D)?Their?pay?declined?during?the?decade?in?comparison?with?the?pay?of?permanent?employees.

(E)?They?did?not?necessarily?prefer?temporary?employment?to?permanent?employment.

54.?The?first?sentence?in?the?passage?suggests?that?the?―observers‖?mentioned?in?line?1?would?be?most?likely?to?predict?which?of?the?following??(应用)

(A)?That?the?number?of?new?temporary?positions?would?decline?as?fewer?workers?who?preferred?temporary?employment?entered?the?workforce

(B)?That?the?total?number?of?temporary?positions?would?increase?as?fewer?workers?were?able?to?find?permanent?positions

(C)?That?employers?would?have?less?control?over?the?terms?of?workers’?employment?as?workers?increased?their?bargaining?strength

(D)?That?more?workers?would?be?hired?for?temporary?positions?as?product?demand?increased

(E)?That?the?number?of?workers?taking?temporary?positions?would?increase?as?more?workers?in?any?given demographic?group?entered?the?workforce

55.?In?the?context?of?the?passage,?the?word?―excessive‖?(line?23)?most?closely?corresponds?to?which?of?the?following?phrases??(逻辑)

(A)?Far?more?than?can?be?justified?by?worker?preferences

(B)?Far?more?than?can?be?explained?by?fluctuations?in?product?demand

(C)?Far?more?than?can?be?beneficial?to?the?success?of?the?firms?themselves

(D)?Far?more?than?can?be?accounted?for?by?an?expanding?national?economy

(E)?Far?more?than?can?be?attributed?to?increases?in?the?total?number?of?people?in?the?workforce

56.?The?passage?mentions?each?of?the?following?as?an?appropriate?kind?of?governmental?action?EXCEPT?(细节)

(A)?getting?firms?to?offer?temporary?employment?primarily?to?a?certain?group?of?people??(B)?encouraging?equitable?pay?for?temporary?and?permanent?employees

(C)?facilitating?the?organization?of?temporary?workers?by?labor?unions

(D)?establishing?guidelines?on?the?proportion?of?temporary?workers?that?firms?should?employ

(E)?ensuring?that?temporary?workers?obtain?benefits?from?their?employers

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