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2019备考GMAT阅读模拟题分享10

2019-03-08 11:26:13来源:GMAT考试网分享
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In?the?seventeenth-century?Florentine?textile?industry,?women?were?employed?primarily?in?low-paying,?low-skill?jobs.?To?explain?this?segregation?of?labor?by?gender,?economists?have?relied?on?the?useful?theory?of?human?capital.?According?to?this?theory,?investment?in?human?capital—the?acquisition?of?difficult?job-related?skills—generally?benefits?individuals?by?making?them?eligible?to?engage?in?well-paid?occupations.?Women’s?role?as?child?bearers,?however,?results?in?interruptions?in?their?participation?in?the?job?market?(as?compared?with?men’s)?and?thus?reduces?their?opportunities?to?acquire?training?for?highly?skilled?work.?In?addition,?the?human?capital?theory?explains?why?there?was?a?high?concentration?of?women?workers?in?certain?low-skill?jobs,?such?as?weaving,?but?not?in?others,?such?as?combing?or?carding,?by?positing?that?because?of?their?primary?responsibility?in?child?rearing?women?took?occupations?that?could?be?carried?out?in?the?home.

There?were,?however,?differences?in?pay?scales?that?cannot?be?explained?by?the?human?capital?theory.?For?example,?male?construction?workers?were?paid?significantly?higher?wages?than?female?taffeta?weavers.?The?wage?difference?between?these?two?low-skill?occupations?stems?from?the?segregation?of?labor?by?gender:?because?a?limited?number?of?occupations?were?open?to?women,?there?was?a?large?supply?of?workers?in?their?fields,?and?this?―overcrowding‖?resulted?in?women?receiving?lower?wages?and?men?receiving?higher?wages.??Questions?47–49?refer?to?the?passage?above.

47.?The?passage?suggests?that?combing?and?carding?differ?from?weaving?in?that?combing?and?carding?were?(细节)

(A)?low-skill?jobs?performed?primarily?by?women?employees

(B)?low-skill?jobs?that?were?not?performed?in?the?home

(C)?low-skill?jobs?performed?by?both?male?and?female?employees

(D)?high-skill?jobs?performed?outside?the?home

(E)?high-skill?jobs?performed?by?both?male?and?female?employees

48.?Which?of?the?following,?if?true,?would?most?weaken?the?explanation?provided?by?the?human?capital?theory?for?women’s?concentration?in?certain?occupations?in?seventeenth-century?Florence??(逻辑)

(A)?Women?were?unlikely?to?work?outside?the?home?even?in?occupations?whose?hours?were?flexible?enough?to?allow?women?to?accommodate?domestic?tasks?as?well?as?paid?labor.

(B)?Parents?were?less?likely?to?teach?occupational?skills?to?their?daughters?than?they?were?to?their?sons.

(C)?Women’s?participation?in?the?Florentine?paid?labor?force?grew?steadily?throughout?the?sixteenth?and?seventeenth?centuries.

(D)?The?vast?majority?of?female?weavers?in?the?Florentine?wool?industry?had?children.

(E)?Few?women?worked?as?weavers?in?the?Florentine?silk?industry,?which?was?devoted?to?making?cloths?that?required?a?high?degree?of?skill?to?produce.

49.?The?author?of?the?passage?would?be?most?likely?to?describe?the?explanation?provided?by?the?human?capital?theory?for?the?high?concentration?of?women?in?certain?occupations?in?the?seventeenth-century?Florentine?textile?industry?as?(逻辑)

(A)?well?founded?though?incomplete

(B)?difficult?to?articulate

(C)?plausible?but?poorly?substantiated

(D)?seriously?flawed

(E)?contrary?to?recent?research

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